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Last Updated Sep 11, 2017 9:43 AM EDT
UNITED NATIONS -- After negotiating late into Sunday evening with China, the U.S. has submitted a proposed sanctions resolution against North Korea, crafted as a response to the to date.
The resolution is up for a vote at the U.N. Security Council on Monday evening, but it does not appear to be the "strongest possible" sanctions that the Trump administration had ho... from the global body.
The new draft, obtained by CBS News, revises the draft circulated by U.S. Ambassador Nikki Haley on September 6 that would have banned all exports of natural gas and oil to the country, as well as freeze assets of North Korean leader Kim Jong Un and his government around the globe.
The draft resolution, in final form, has taken out the travel and assets ban against Kim Jong Un, which would have been the first time that the North Korean leader was personally named in a resolution. A U.S. State Department official told CBS News that naming Kim was also in the earlier draft August sanctions resolution, and it remains on U.S.' wish list – but the U.S. knew that it would probably be cast aside in order to garner China's support for new measures.
The new resolution also removes the stinging oil embargo that had been in the first draft circulated, but does impose a cap on refined petroleum, similar to the phased-in cap on coal exports.
The draft proposes a cap of crude oil exports at current levels and adds a cap of two million barrels a year on refined oil, while it bans "condensates and natural gas liquids" altogether.
The majority of the crude oil sales to North Korea are from China; Russia's President Vladimir Putin said last week that Russian oil supplies to North Korea were negligible.
The new sanctions, if approved, add to those imposed on August 5, when the Security Council unanimously adopted what Haley called the "single largest economic sanctions package ever leveled against the North Korean regime," seen as a diplomatic coup for the U.S. That resolution cut Pyongyang's $3 billion annual export revenue by one-third, focusing on North Korea's coal exports.
The new draft imposes a full ban on textile exports, a biting new sanction that some diplomats fear may lead to an abstention by China.
All 15 members of the Council will vote on Monday, but only the five permanent members can veto the resolution; an abstention by China or Russia would allow the resolution to pass, if there are nine votes in favor.
North Korea, for its part, has threatened to inflict "the greatest pain and suffering" if tougher sanctions are imposed.
The new resolution calls for diplomatic measures, including a return to six-party talks, an important negotiating point made by Russian U.N. Ambassador Vassily Nebenzia after the first draft was circulated.
The current draft resolution puts a cap on the number of North Korean "guest workers" who can legally find employment outside the country. These foreign workers are an important source of revenue flowing into Pyongyang.
The significant revisions made to the initial U.S. draft mean the new resolution is likely, but not guaranteed, to pass the Council vote on Monday afternoon.
Russian President Vladimir Putin has said more sanctions won't draw the Kim regime to the negotiating table, but both Russia and China have expressed surprise at the ongoing provocations by Pyongyang.
Another problem is making sure any new sanctions -- and the existing ones -- are enforced. A U.N. report published Saturday cast fresh doubt on the enforcement of current sanctions against North Korea, detailing the violations by U.N. member states and the new evasion techniques by Kim's government.
North Korea was slapped with a new round of sanctions by the United Nations Security Council in response to the regime's latest nuclear weapons test.
Ambassador Nikki Haley, the top U.S. diplomat at the UN, led the push for an aggressive sanctions package over the last week.
"We are done trying to prod the regime from doing the right thing," Haley said. "We are now trying to stop it from having the ability to do the wrong thing."
Russian and Chinese opposition to the original draft of the sanctions resolution threatened to derail the proposal, but the U.S. and other allies salvaged the process by watering down some of the toughest provisions to avoid a veto of the resolution.
"[I]t is a very significant set of additional sanctions on imports into North Korea and on exports out of North Korea and other measures as well," Matthew Rycroft, the United Kingdom's ambassador to the UN, told reporters ahead of Monday evening's vote.
The new sanctions resolution imposes a variety of new restrictions, most notably a ban on North Korea's textile exports and a reduction of the regime's ability to import oil. That's short of the outright oil embargo the U.S. side originally sought; the embargo, along with a proposed freeze of dictator Kim Jong-un's assets, was removed in order to evade the threat of a Russian or Chinese veto of the resolution.
"I am concerned cutting off the oil supply to North Korea may cause damage to people in hospitals or other ordinary citizens," Russian President Vladimir Putin said last week in opposition to the original proposal. "We do not need to react emotionally and corner North Korea into a dead end."
President Trump's team warned the United States might impose unilateral sanctions on companies that do business with North Korea — a threat directed chiefly at Russia and China — but the administration ultimately decided a more modest resolution was a preferable outcome.
"The time scale for this one is really ambitious, we think rightly so," a Western diplomat said of the original resolution. "We think it's important that the Security Council is united in responding to what Pyongyang has done."
The UN Security Council is beginning to remind me of the Republican efforts to repeal Obamacare when they knew anything they passed would get vetoed. What's the SecCouncil going to do next? Pee in Kim's tea?